Thalassemia – In short!

Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production. There are two main types:-

  • Alpha Thalassemia
  • Beta Thalassemia.

The severity of these depends on how many of the four genes of alpha or two genes of beta globin are missing.

Pointing out 6major symptoms that can vary from none to severe like:-

  1. Mild to severe Anemia.
  2. Bone problems.
  3. An enlarged spleen.
  4. Yellowish skin.
  5. Dark urine.
  6. Slow growth of Children.

The identification is done through complex blood tests. Taking forward the treatment depends on the category and complexity.

Treatments often include:-

  • Regular blood transfusions
  • Iron chelation
  • Folic acid
  • Bone marrow transplant may be an option.
  • If the spleen becomes overly enlarged, surgical removal may be required.

Disclaimer*
This is a general guidance tip! Each and every person’s condition might be different, It would be wise to consult your physician before you put any into practice.